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Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
U.S. Capitol Gatepost (former)
Structure Number:
01-04
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
Bulfinch Gatepost
Park:
The White House (President's Park)
Park District:
WHHO The Ellipse
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
President's Park South
2. 
US Capitol Gatehouses & Gateposts Hist. District
Structure State:
District of Columbia
Structure County:
Washington
Region:
National Capital
Administrative Unit:
The White House (President's Park)
LCS ID:
011989
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
11/30/1973
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
National
Short Significance Description:
Part of the original design for the Capitol fence by architect Charles Bulfinch, the gatepost is listed on the National Register with 3 other gateposts and 2 gatehouses. Moved to its present location in 1880, the gatepost also falls within the President's Park South listing.
Long Significance Description:
Part of the original design for the U.S. Capitol Building, the gateposts were part of the fence surrounding the grounds. Similar in detail to the four Bulfinch Gatehouses, the gateposts were also designed by Charles Bulfinch, the first American born architect hired to oversee work on the U.S. Capitol Building. To make way for Frederick Law Olmstead’s new layout for the Capitol grounds, four of the numerous identical gateposts along with two gatehouses were moved from the Capitol grounds in 1874 and placed along Constitution Avenue. The present location of the gatepost in President’s Park South is at the corner of Fifteenth Street, NW and Constitution Avenue. The structure is listed on the National Register for its significance in historic architecture and for its associations with an American master architect.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1817
AD
1827
AD
Bulfinch, Charles
Architect
2. 
Moved
1874
AD
1880
AD

Other
3. 
Restored
1940
AD


NPS & Fine Arts Commission
Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Enclosure/Exclosure
Primary Current Use:
Outdoor Sculpture (Statuary)
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Grounds/Landscape
Volume:
1 - 2,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
25
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Substructure
Sandstone/Brownstone
2. 
Superstructure
Sandstone/Brownstone
Short Physical Description:
Similar in detail to the Bulfinch Gatehouses, the gatepost is constructed with Aquia Creek sandstone. A volute and continuous frieze with a guilloche motif crowns the square shaft of the pillar, which is carved with horizontal band courses. The top of the shaft terminates in an anthemion.
Long Physical Description:
Similar in detail to the four Bulfinch Gatehouses, the gateposts measure 12’ high. The 5’ by 5’ pillar is constructed of Aquia Creek sandstone. The shaft of the pillar is carved with horizontal band courses with a continuous frieze decorated with a guilloche pattern. A volute with a stylized anthemion (honeysuckle blossom) crowns the top.