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Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Saddlehorn Caretaker's Residence
Structure Number:
B01
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
HS-1H
2. 
Stone House
3. 
Quarters #1
4. 
Rock House
5. 
Superintendent's Quarters
Park:
Colorado National Monument
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Colorado National Monument Visitor Center Complex
Structure State:
Colorado
Structure County:
Mesa
Region:
Intermountain
Cluster:
Colorado Plateau
Administrative Unit:
Colorado National Monument
LCS ID:
006517
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
04/21/1994
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Local
Short Significance Description:
This residence is significant under criterion A and C for its assocation with the CCC and the WPA, as well as being an excellent example of NPS rustic design architecture and incorporating natural landscape elements into the planning and design. Period of significance is 1935 - 1944.
Long Significance Description:
Located at the junction of Saddlehorn Loop Road and Rim Rock Drive, this structure was the first permanent structure built in the park in 1935 - 1936. The Saddlehorn Caretaker's Residence and Garage have local significance under Criterion A for their association with the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA). They also have local significance under Criterion C for their exemplary representation of NPS Rustic Architecture. The materials and architectural design of these resources reflect the philosophy of incorporating natural landscape elements into planning and design. The period of significance for the caretaker's residence and garage dates from 1935 (when the residence was built) to 1944, the end of the historic period as defined by the National Register.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Designed
1934
AD
1934
AD
NPS Branch of Plans and Design
Architect
2. 
Designed
1934
AD
1934
AD
GEM
Architect
3. 
Built
1935
AD
1935
AD
PWA
Other
4. 
Built
1935
AD
1935
AD
ECW/CCC
Other
5. 
Rehabilitated
1952
AD
1953
AD
NPS
Other
6. 
Altered
1958
AD
1958
AD
NPS
Other
7. 
Altered
1973
AD
1974
AD
NPS
Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Single Family House
Primary Current Use:
Government Office
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Building
Volume:
2,000 - 20,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
1584
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Framing
Wood
2. 
Walls
Weatherboard
3. 
Walls
Sandstone/Brownstone
4. 
Foundation
Concrete
5. 
Roof
Shake
Short Physical Description:
Rustic style rectangular, one story red sandstone house with divided light windows and gabled roof with wood shakes. The home has a sandstone fireplace.
Long Physical Description:
This one-story building is constructed on a concrete foundation with native red sandstone masonry set in a coursed ashlar pattern. The plan is rectangular with small side wings. The two lower courses of the building are stepped. The entrance is located on the north elevation, a vertical plank wood door with 6-lights and a single light aluminum sash storm door. The entrance stoop is built of large stone blocks and the doorway is sheltered by a gabled roof supported by large rustic carved wood brackets and an undecorated barge board. The rear entrance door is modern with 3 lights and a storm door. All windows are wood casement type with aluminum storm sash. Windows on the north elevation include one triple divided 6-light, one double divided 6-light, and one 4-light; on the east elevation, one double divided 6-light, one 6-light, one 4-light at basement level; on the south elevation, one double divided 6-light, one 4-light, two duble divided 4-light (one at basement level), and one 2-light. The recessed, chiseled stone window openings have stone sills and lintels.

The east-west oriented roof is gabled, of moderate rise, and is covered with cedar shakes. The main structure at the gable ends has weatherboard wood siding with exposed log purlin ends. Louvered vents are located under each gable. The residence has one off-center coursed ashlar sandstone chimney. The two small wings at either end of the building have gabled roofs. All wood trim is painted rust color.

The interior of the residence includes a living room, 2 bedrooms, kitchen and bath with a central rear stairway leading to a 3/4 basement that is partitioned to include a bathroom, activity room, laundry, furnace room, coal bin and two closets.