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Preferred Structure Name:
Buckeye Residence #1420
Structure Number:
Other Structure Name(s):
Other Structure Name(s)
No records.
Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks
Historic District:
Historic District
Ash Mountain Historic District
Structure State:
Structure County:
Pacific West
Pacific Great Basin
Administrative Unit:
Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Determined Eligible - SHPO
National Register Date:
National Historic Landmark?:
Significance Level:
Short Significance Description:
The Ash Mountain Historic District was determined eligible for the National Register of Historic Places by the CA SHPO at a local level of significance for criteria A and C; period of significance 1924 -1967.
Long Significance Description:
The Buckeye area of the Ash Mountain Historic District was originally developed in 1933 as the site of the CWA “Edison Village” camp, eponymously named after the Southern California Edison Company that leased the land to the NPS. This original camp was made up almost exclusively of tent cabins and there are no extant structures that date back to this period. In 1935, Edison Village became a CCC camp and was renamed Buckeye Camp. The CCC camp remained here from 1935 until at least 1938, and possibly until 1943. Four buildings remain from this era, although they lack sufficient integrity to be considered contributing features. The preponderance of extant features at Buckeye date to the Mission 66 era. Twelve new residences were constructed at Buckeye between 1959 and 1965. It is from this era that Buckeye retains the most integrity. In fact, this area may represent one of the most intact Mission 66 residential developments in California. Although these buildings have undergone some alterations over time, all buildings listed as contributing have been individually assessed and found to retain the majority of their original materials and character-defining features and collectively help to convey the historic character of the historic district.

The Ash Mountain Historic District is significant within Tulare County under Criterion A for its association with National Park Service master planning, New Deal relief programs and Mission 66. It is also significant within Tulare County under Criterion C for its assemblage of buildings exemplifying both park rustic and modern styles of architecture. The period of significance for the Ash Mountain Historic District extends from 1924 to 1967 which encompasses the period from the construction of the oldest extant building at Ash Mountain (Residence #5) to the end of Mission 66 era construction at Ash Mountain in 1967. This latter year signaled the end of development of the administrative area at Ash Mountain. Notably, this period includes the two intensive periods of development that defined the historic character of the area: the New Deal and Mission 66. The Ash Mountain Historic District contains buildings, roads, walkways, steps, retaining walls, and other features constructed between the years of 1924 to 1967, which create a cohesive assemblage portraying NPS master planning that occurred from the 1920s to the 1960s, a period that incorporated developments from the New Deal and the post-World War II Mission 66 era.
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year CE/BCE
End Year
End Year CE/BCE
Designer Occupation

Herman H. Neumann

Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Single Family Dwelling
Primary Current Use:
Single Family Dwelling
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
Other Functions or Uses:
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
2,000 - 20,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
Structural Component(s)
Short Physical Description:
These buildings remain true to their original 1959 form: largely rectangular in plan, roughly 25.5 x 67 feet including the attached carport with storage. They maintain their original stucco exterior, concrete foundation, and asphalt-shingled gabled roofs.
Long Physical Description:
Buckeye residences #1415, #1417, #1419, and #1420 were built as part of the park’s Mission 66 development in 1965 at a cost of $20,454 per unit. They originally served as housing for Park Service employees and they remain in this capacity today. These building are rectangular in plan with gabled roofs and their exterior measures roughly 25.5x55 feet (25.5x67 feet if you include their attached carports). They were built 6 years after the first Mission 66 residences at Buckeye and use a slightly modified plan. The only differences between these buildings and the earlier residences are that these buildings have storage at the rear of their carports rather than along their interior side and that these buildings are uniformly 25.5 feet wide (where the earlier buildings have one side that is only 23.5 feet wide). Since these buildings were all built in the same year and are of identical design, they have been inventoried under the same heading.

These buildings remain true to their original 1965 form. These buildings maintain their original stucco exterior and concrete foundation. Their gabled roofs originally had asphalt composite shingles and they retain this material today. These buildings apparently received new aluminum windows in 1990, but these windows are quite similar to the original fenestration. These building have triangular vents under the gable crown. Their front entries have a partially covered concrete stoop.

Building #1415 is painted tan with aqua trim. Building #1417 is painted grey with aqua trim. Building #1419 is painted tan with white trim. Building #1420 is painted tan with brown trim.