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Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Keys Ranch Main House
Structure Number:
HS01A
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
Desert Queen Ranch Main House
Park:
Joshua Tree National Park
Historic District:
 
Historic District
No records.
Structure State:
California
Structure County:
San Bernardino
Region:
Pacific West
Cluster:
Pacific Great Basin
Administrative Unit:
Joshua Tree National Park
LCS ID:
005575
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
10/30/1975
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Local
Short Significance Description:
Locally significant for criteria A and B, and special criterion G (less than 50 years; period of significance 1894-1969.
Long Significance Description:
This is the most significant structure at Keys Ranch, the prime example of early settlement in the JOTR area. Bill Keys was the area's leading character, and his ranch is a symbol of the resourcefulness of early settlers.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1914
AD
1943
AD
Keys, William F. (Bill)
Other
2. 
Stabilized
1992
AD
1993
AD
NPS
Other
3. 
Stabilized
2001
AD
2001
AD
NPS
Other
4. 
Restored
2007
AD
2007
AD
NPS
Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Single Family Dwelling
Primary Current Use:
Exhibit
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
Yes
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Building
Volume:
2,000 - 20,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
420
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Roof
Metal
2. 
Walls
Wood
3. 
Foundation
Fieldstone
4. 
Other
Stone
5. 
Framing
Wood
Short Physical Description:
This complex structure consists of a core 2-story gable structure (14'x30')with 2 principal 1-story gable wings and a number of shed lean-to's. Other elements include drip cooler off kitchen, fieldstone chimney & fireplace, bridge to 2nd floor.
Long Physical Description:
The three gable roofs and shed roofs are sheathed with galvanized corrugated metal roofing. There is a small awning on the south side supported by brackets and roofed with shakes. The walls are B&B siding, single wall construction. The foundation consists of unmortared stones placed in gap between the base of walls and ground in some locations. Various window shapes consisting of non-opening wood sash with multiple panes. Wood panel doors with some glass lites (at kitchen, living room and second floor) with a screen door at the second floor. Wood stair and catwalk to access second floor.