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Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Bates Well Ranch Main House
Structure Number:
HS01A
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
No records.
Park:
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Bates Well Ranch
Structure State:
Arizona
Structure County:
Pima
Region:
Intermountain
Cluster:
Southwest
Administrative Unit:
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument
LCS ID:
006597
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
05/20/1994
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
State
Short Significance Description:
The Bates Well Ranch House, Organ Pipe NM, is one of the contributing structures to the Bates Well Ranch, entered on the NR, at the state level, under Criterion A, Sonoran Desert cattle raising & B, assoc'n w/Robert L. Gray, Sr.. Period of significance for the ranch, 1935-1976.
Long Significance Description:
The ranch was one of the fifteen ranches and line camps in the Gray family partnership cattle business which developed the ranching potential of the Sonoran desert country north of the border and dominated the lands of Organ Pipe National Monument for nearly 60 years.

The ranch house was moved from Growler Mine to Bates Well in 1942, 'recycled' as was traditional frontier and the Gray family practice—adaptively using available materials at hand. Probably originating as a miners' cabin, the northern portion was presumably added after its relocation at Bates Well.

The Bates Well property represents a very complete and intact example of the frontier ranching pattern in Arizona typical of the Sonoran Desert during the first third of the twentieth century. It was entered into the National Register of Historic Places on May 20, 1994.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1936
AD
1936
AD


2. 
Moved
1942
AD


Gray, Henry
Other
3. 
Stabilized
2010
AD
2010
AD
NPS
Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Single Family House
Primary Current Use:
VACANT (NOT IN USE)
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
1. 
AGRICULTURE/SUBSISTENCE
Historic
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Building
Volume:
2,000 - 20,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
400
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Walls
Stucco
2. 
Foundation
Concrete
3. 
Roof
Metal
4. 
Framing
Wood
Short Physical Description:
2-room, T-shaped bldg w/ corr metal cross-gable roof. Kitchen & large bedrm, 2 entries. Single & DH wood sash, most w/o glass. 1" concrete stucco exterior. "Growler Copper Co., Gila Bend" stamped in gable over kitchen door.
Long Physical Description:
Frame construction, T-shaped plan, intersecting gable roofs of corrugated tin and cement stuccoed wooden walls. Labeled "Early Transitional, Sonoran to Anglo," architectural style, the building was constructed near the Growler Mine and moved to the Bates Well site in 1942, where it was probably enlarged to its current configuration. It has two rooms: a kitchen and a large bedroom. Proof of its humble origins resides in a stamp on the gable over the kitchen door reading, "Growler Copper Co., Gila Bend."