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Record: 1  120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 of 866
Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Phantom Ranch Comfort Station
Structure Number:
0879
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
Shower and Bath House
Park:
Grand Canyon National Park
Park District:
GRCA Inner Canyon Unit
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Cross Canyon Corridor
2. 
North Kaibab Trail
Structure State:
Arizona
Structure County:
Coconino
Region:
Intermountain
Cluster:
Colorado Plateau
Administrative Unit:
Grand Canyon National Park
LCS ID:
055562
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Determined Eligible - Keeper
National Register Date:
05/08/1980
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Local
Short Significance Description:
1 of early structures const by AT & SF Rwy Co @ Phantom Ranch, the only tourist camp in Inner Canyon, which Fred Harvey has managed since 1920s. Rustic style similar to nearby MEJ Colter cabins. Incl in Cross Canyon Hist Dist, listed under Criterions A & C.
Long Significance Description:
Through the years, Phantom Ranch has gained wide reputation and a romantic aura. Phantom Ranch was originally designed by Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter, an exceptional architect with the Fred Harvey Company, and constructed in 1922 with several additional structures added by 1928. Colter designed her buildings on the South Rim and at Phantom Ranch to integrate with their site, using only local materials that are similar in color and texture to the surrounding environment. Since 1928, NPS has added several additional structures to the site.

The Cross Canyon Corridor Historic District was determined eligible as a National Register district on May 19, 1980 under Criterions A and C for its national significance in the areas of history, tourism, architecture, and engineering. This district includes the Bright Angel Trail, South Kaibab Trail, River Trail, and the North Kaibab Trail. Alongside the trails, contributing structures provide necessary shelter and services for inner canyon travelers. These significant structures include the four Bright Angel trail shelters, Phantom Ranch, Cottonwood Ranger Residence, Indian Gardens, and the cross canyon water supply system.

Bright Angel Trail, known for many years as the "Cameron Trail," was the first Canyon Corridor trail, begun in 1890 by a group of northern Arizona businessmen. In 1902, trail access through the canyon was further improved: First, a camp was established at the confluence of the Bright Angel Creek and Colorado River, later to be known as Phantom Ranch. Then in 1921, the first of two suspension bridges across the Colorado was constructed (the second one was constructed in 1928), replacing a treacherous suspension cable car as the only means of crossing. Beginning in 1924, the National Park Service began constructing the North and South Kaibab Trails. And finally in 1930s, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) constructed the River Trail, connecting the Bright Angel Trail and Kaibab Trail on the south side of the Colorado River.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1927
AD


A.T.& S.F. Railway Company
Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Comfort Station (Latrine)
Primary Current Use:
Comfort Station (Latrine)
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Building
Volume:
2,000 - 20,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
1064
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Framing
Wood
2. 
Other
Stone
3. 
Walls
Weatherboard
4. 
Roof
Asphalt
5. 
Foundation
Stone
6. 
Walls
Stone
Short Physical Description:
1 story structure, approximately 38'x 28'. Intersecting gable roof with timber lookouts, composition shingles. Stone walls with battered piers at corners, board & batten siding in gable ends. 3 stone chimneys. Cement steps with inset stones. Metal pipe railing on men's side.