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Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Pueblo
Structure Number:
AZ O:5:90
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
No records.
Park:
Montezuma Castle National Monument
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Montezuma Castle National Monument Well Unit
Structure State:
Arizona
Structure County:
Yavapai
Region:
Intermountain
Cluster:
Southwest
Administrative Unit:
Montezuma Castle National Monument
LCS ID:
006589
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
11/20/1978
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
National
Short Significance Description:
Feature of Montezuma Castle National Monument: Well Unit, nationally significant under NR Criteria C & D. Period of Significance: A.D. 1125-1400. Remains of a 17-room pueblo that represents the Honanki – Tuzigoot phases of Southern Sinagua.
Long Significance Description:
This seventeen-room pueblo on the southeast rim of Montezuma Well is a feature of the Montezuma Castle National Monument: Well Unit, which is significant at the national level under National Register Criterion C for it embodies the characteristics of a type and period and under National Register Criterion D because it has yielded, and is likely to yield further, information important in prehistory.

The original construction and occupation of this site represents the Honanki-Tuzigoot phases of the Southern Sinagua culture. It was built and occupied during Honanki phase (circa AD 1125) through Tuzigoot phase (AD 1300-1400). The site was abandoned sometime after AD 1400. Period of Significance ranges approximately from AD 1125 to 1400.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Prehistoric
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1124
AD
1400
AD
So Sinagua, Honanki-Tuzigoot Period
Other
2. 
Stabilized
1960
AD
1960
AD
NPS
Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Multiple Dwelling
Primary Current Use:
Exhibit
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
1. 
Ruin
Historic
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Ruin
Volume:
20,000 - 2,000,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
10000
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Walls
Stone
Short Physical Description:
17-room pueblo on southwest rim of Montezuma Well, above Swallet Cave. Remaining walls average 1-4 foot tall, constructed of unshaped limestone.
Long Physical Description:
This seventeen room pueblo is situated on the southeast rim of Montezuma Well, above Swallet Cave. The rooms vary in size from 11m x 17m to 3m x 4m, it is possible the large room had been subdivided at one point. The remaining walls average one foot to four feet tall. The walls are constructed of unshaped limestone.