List of Classified Structures
List of Classified Structures
Return to Results Page 
Advanced Search
Record: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 of 18
Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Rockshelter with Masonry Rooms
Structure Number:
AZ O:5:89
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
NA 1272
2. 
88A - 57
3. 
MOCA - 000064
Park:
Montezuma Castle National Monument
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Montezuma Castle National Monument Well Unit
Structure State:
Arizona
Structure County:
Yavapai
Region:
Intermountain
Cluster:
Southwest
Administrative Unit:
Montezuma Castle National Monument
LCS ID:
006588
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
11/20/1978
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
Feature of Montezuma Castle National Monument: Well Unit, nationally significant under NR Criteria C & D. Period of Significance: A.D. 1125-1400. Remains of a rockshelter with two masonry rooms that represents the Honanki – Tuzigoot phases of Southern Sinagua.
Long Significance Description:
This rock shelter with two masonry rooms in the west rim of Montezuma Well is a feature of the Montezuma Castle National Monument: Well Unit, which is significant at the national level under National Register Criterion C for it embodies the characteristics of a type and period and under National Register Criterion D because it has yielded, and is likely to yield further, information important in prehistory.

The original construction and occupation of this site represents the Honanki-Tuzigoot phases of the Southern Sinagua culture. It was built and occupied during Honanki phase (circa AD 1125) through Tuzigoot phase (AD 1300-1400). The site was abandoned sometime after AD 1400. Period of Significance ranges approximately from AD 1125 to 1400.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Prehistoric
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1125
AD
1400
AD
So Sinagua, Honanki-Tuzigoot Period
Other
2. 
Stabilized
1960
AD
1960
AD
NPS
Other
3. 
Stabilized
1984
AD
1984
AD
NPS
Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Multiple Dwelling
Primary Current Use:
Ruin
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
1. 
Ruin
Historic
2. 
Exhibit
Current
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Ruin
Volume:
2,000 - 20,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
350
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Walls
Stone
Short Physical Description:
2 room rockshelter located in a long alcove in the west rim of Montezuma Well. A) has 3 stone walls, 1 window, 1 doorway. B) has 3 stone walls and 1 doorway. Walls are constructed of limestone and mud mortar with soot-stained plaster on the interior. Roofs are the top of the natural opening.
Long Physical Description:
A two room rockshelter located in long natural alcove in the west rim of Montezuma Well. It is comprised of two free standing rooms in close association with each other. The first room to the south is labeled “A”, while the room in the same alcove to the north is labeled “B”. Each is comprised of three stone walls on the north, east and south elevations. The rear wall is the back wall of the natural opening. There is a doorway in the east elevation of both rooms. A second opening is in the south elevation of room A. The walls are constructed of unshaped limestone blocks with a soil based mortar. The interior of the structure contains standing architecture and the original soot-stained plaster on the walls and vents near the roofline. The roofs of the structures are the top of the natural opening in the rock face.

The National Park Service built an unshaped limestone wall in the alcove between the two rooms to prevent injury to overly curious visitors attempting to access room B along a precariously friable limestone ledge. Neither room is open to the public but can be closely viewed from the Well observation area.