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Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Masonry Structure
Structure Number:
AZ O:5:69
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
88A-37
2. 
MOCA000044
3. 
NA 7280
Park:
Montezuma Castle National Monument
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Montezuma Castle National Monument Castle Unit
Structure State:
Arizona
Structure County:
Yavapai
Region:
Intermountain
Cluster:
Southwest
Administrative Unit:
Montezuma Castle National Monument
LCS ID:
489545
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
11/20/1978
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
Feature of Montezuma Castle National Monument: Castle Unit, nationally significant under NR Criteria C & D. Period of Significance: A.D. 1125-1400. Remains of a single masonry structure that represents the Honanki – Tuzigoot phases of Southern Sinagua.
Long Significance Description:
The single room at AZ O:5:69 is the most substantial of the single-structure sites of the Montezuma Castle National Monument: Castle Unit, which is significant at the national level under National Register Criteria C for it embodies the characteristics of a type and period and under National Register Criteria D because it has yielded, and is likely to yield further, information important in prehistory.

The original construction and occupation of this site represents the Honanki-Tuzigoot phases of the Southern Sinagua culture. It was built and occupied during Honanki phase (circa AD 1125) through Tuzigoot phase (AD 1300-1400). The site was abandoned sometime after AD 1400. Period of Significance ranges approximately from AD 1125 to 1400.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Prehistoric
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1125
AD
1400
AD
So Sinagua, Honanki-Tuzigoot phases
Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
DOMESTIC (RESIDENTIAL)
Primary Current Use:
Ruin
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Ruin
Volume:
2,000 - 20,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
770
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Walls
Limestone
Short Physical Description:
Rectangular, single story, single room masonry structure located on the bluff above the VC. Walls constructed on unshaped limestone blocks and average about 4 feet tall. Heavily ingrown with vegetation.
Long Physical Description:
This rectangular, single story, single room masonry structure is located on the bluff above the Visitor Center of Montezuma Castle National Monument. The walls are constructed of unshaped limestone blocks and a few river cobbles. The width of the walls average about four feet tall, with “wall fall” surrounding the structure toward the east, which is the downhill side of the structure. The room is heavily ingrown with mesquite bushes, sage, small shrubs and grasses.