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Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Rockshelter with Masonry Rooms
Structure Number:
AZ O:5:62
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
MOCA 000037
2. 
NA 5553 A & B
3. 
88A - 30
4. 
Upper and Lower Room
Park:
Montezuma Castle National Monument
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Montezuma Castle National Monument Well Unit
Structure State:
Arizona
Structure County:
Yavapai
Region:
Intermountain
Cluster:
Southwest
Administrative Unit:
Montezuma Castle National Monument
LCS ID:
006593
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
11/20/1978
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
Feature of Montezuma Castle National Monument: Well Unit, nationally significant under NR Criteria C & D. Period of Significance: A.D. 1125-1400. Remains of a rockshelter with two masonry rooms that represents the Honanki – Tuzigoot phases of Southern Sinagua.
Long Significance Description:
This rockshelter with two masonry rooms is a feature of the Montezuma Castle National Monument: Well Unit, which is significant at the national level under National Register Criterion C for it embodies the characteristics of a type and period and under National Register Criterion D because it has yielded, and is likely to yield further, information important in prehistory.

This rockshelter lies on the outside of the northeastern perimeter of Montezuma Well. The original construction and occupation of this site represents the Honanki-Tuzigoot phases of the Southern Sinagua culture. It was built and occupied during Honanki phase (circa AD 1125) through Tuzigoot phase (AD 1300-1400). The site was abandoned sometime after AD 1400. Period of Significance ranges approximately from AD 1125 to 1400.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Prehistoric
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1125
AD
1400
AD
So Sinagua, Honanki-Tuzigoot Period
Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Multiple Dwelling
Primary Current Use:
Ruin
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
1. 
Ruin
Historic
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Ruin
Volume:
2,000 - 20,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
400
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Walls
Stone
Short Physical Description:
A 2-3 room rockshelter located on the outside of the northeastern perimeter of Montezuma Well. Upper and Lower Rooms – sections of the walls are still standing averaging 1 meter tall. West walls are the natural bedrock cliff.
Long Physical Description:
A two to three room rockshelter located on the outside of the northeastern perimeter of Montezuma Well. It over looks the Wet Beaver Creek. The lower room of the rockshelter lies approximately 2.5 meters below the upper room. The upper room consists of two masonry walls, a south and east wall, and is located on an eroding limestone or travertine (precipitated calcium carbonate) bedrock shelf. The alcove is presently in an active state of deterioration, with the northern ends of the east wall beginning to separate from the cliff face. The west walls of the structure are the natural bedrock cliff. This structure has never been systematically excavated.

No stabilization work has been performed on this structure, so all mortar present represents original Sinagua wall construction. This section of the park is closed to visitor traffic and is protected from unauthorized human activity.