List of Classified Structures
List of Classified Structures
Return to Results Page 
Advanced Search
Record: 1  320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 of 1163
Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
44th and 12th New York Infantry Monument
Structure Number:
MN093
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
44th & 12th New York Infantry Monument
Park:
Gettysburg National Military Park
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Gettysburg National Battlefield
Structure State:
Pennsylvania
Structure County:
Adams
Region:
Northeast
Cluster:
Chesapeake
Administrative Unit:
Gettysburg National Military Park
LCS ID:
009648
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
01/23/2004
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
Contributing feature to Gettysburg National Military Park HD which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D. Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938.
Long Significance Description:
44th and 12th New York Infantry Monument is a contributing feature to the Gettysburg National Military Park Historic District which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D. Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938. The original National Register Nomination was approved by the Keeper March 19, 1975. An update to this nomination was approved by the Keeper on January 23, 2004.

Gettysburg National Military Park has recognized dual significance under National Register Criteria A and B because for many Americans, much of the meaning of the Civil War is represented in the small town of Gettysburg and is defined by Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address delivered here on November 19, 1863. Gettysburg National Military Park has national significance under National Register Criterion C as an important example of designed, commemorative battlefield park. There are still research questions related to the battle that can be answered through analysis of the archeological data, which has not yet been systematically gathered; therefore, this district also meets National Register Criteria D.

Gettysburg National Military Park is the site of the American Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, the Soldiers’ National Cemetery and the commemoration of the great battle by civil War veterans. Significant sites on the battlefield began to be preserved almost immediately after the 1863 battle, and the park came under federal ownership in 1895. Administered by the National Park Service (NPS) since 1933, the park now incorporates 5,989 acres of land across which the battle, its aftermath and commemoration occurred.

Civilians and military participants shared their own unique vision of preserving those battlegrounds outside of the cemetery as a means to commemorate the battle and to testify to the survival and supremacy of the Union. In 1864, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania granted a charter to the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association to undertake those purposes. In 1893, the United States Congress initiated measures that would expand the scope of preservation activities to include Confederate positions. These early efforts eventually led to the establishment of a national military park at Gettysburg in 1895. The original administrators of these national military parks regarded Gettysburg as the most significant of the battlefields commemorating the Civil War in the Eastern Theater of operations. In 1896, the United States Supreme Court agreed that Government preservation and protection of the memorial tradition promoted by the veterans, endorsed and generously funded by a grateful people, and formalized by a lasting national park, ultimately elevated Gettysburg’s battle to the position of the defining and quintessential Civil War event. Veterans of the battle oversaw the memorial process and the development of the park until 1927 when the last of these men died. The commemorative aspect of the national park was best reflected in its designed landscape elements, including monumentation and formal drives and avenues. This designed aspect of the battlefield Park meets National Register Criterion C. Subsequent non-Civil War-veteran administrators did not share the memorial fervor embraced by those who participated in and survived the war. Therefore, the significant dates for Gettysburg fall between 1863 and 1938.

Marks position held by 44th New York p.m. July 2, 1863 when soldiers of Hood's Div. attacked. Inscription tablet to 12th NY Infantry was added later. 1 of 90 mn in Park to NY commands. Located on W side of Sykes Ave, on summit of Little Round Top.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1893
AD
1900
AD


2. 
Altered
1993
AD
1993
AD
NPS - Gate to block stairs

3. 
Rehabilitated
1997
AD
1997
AD
NPS - Repointed, Powr Washed, Waxed

4. 
Preserved
2000
AD
2000
AD
NPS - Power Washed

5. 
Preserved
2003
AD
2003
AD
NPS - Waxed

6. 
Altered
2004
AD
2004
AD
NPS - Replaced bronze handrail

 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Monument (Marker, Plaque)
Primary Current Use:
Monument (Marker, Plaque)
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Outdoor Sculpture
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Substructure
Granite
Short Physical Description:
Mn consists of numerous courses of undressed granite blocks built in form of castle w/ turret & castellated overlook. Chamber & arched accesses with bronze tablets. 28' long, 21'8" wide, 44'6" high. Gate added to exclude access to stairs 1993.
Long Physical Description:
Monument comprises numerous courses of undressed granite block constructed in the form of a castle with turret and castellated overlook. Chamber and arched accesses with bronze tablets. A tablet to the 12th New York Infantry was added later. The monument is twenty-eight feet long, 21.8 feet wide and 44.6 feet high. Located on the west side of Sykes Avenue on the summit of Little Round Top.