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Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Francis Althoff Farm Barn
Structure Number:
001
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
Althoff Barn
Park:
Gettysburg National Military Park
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Gettysburg National Battlefield
Structure State:
Pennsylvania
Structure County:
Adams
Region:
Northeast
Cluster:
Chesapeake
Administrative Unit:
Gettysburg National Military Park
LCS ID:
006922
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
01/23/2004
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
Contributing feature to Gettysburg National Military Park HD which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D. Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938.
Long Significance Description:
The Francis Althoff Farm Barn is a contributing feature to the Gettysburg National Military Park Historic District which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D for association Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938. The original National Register Nomination was approved by the Keeper March 19, 1975. An update to this nomination was approved by the Keeper on January 23, 2004.

Adapted from NR Nomination:
Gettysburg National Military Park is the site of the American Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, the Soldiers’ National Cemetery and the commemoration of the great battle by civil War veterans. Significant sites on the battlefield began to be preserved almost immediately after the 1863 battle, and the park came under federal ownership in 1895. Administered by the National Park Service (NPS) since 1933, the park now incorporates 5,989 acres of land across which the battle, its aftermath and commemoration occurred.

Gettysburg National Military Park has recognized dual significance under National Register Criteria A and B because for many Americans, much of the meaning of the Civil War is represented in the small town of Gettysburg and is defined by Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address delivered here on November 19, 1863. Gettysburg National Military Park has national significance under National Register Criterion C as an important example of a designed, commemorative battlefield park. There are still research questions related to the battle that can be answered through analysis of the archeological data, which has not yet been systematically gathered. Therefore, this district also meets National Register Criteria D for the information that will likely be gathered in the future related to the Battle of Gettysburg. The period of significance of this material is July 1-4, 1863.

Barn is part of small Pennsylvania farm unit representative of farms from latter half of 19th C. Farm marks the environs of the Weikert Farm which figured prominently in struggle for Little Round Top/Devil's Den area.

The Barn is part of a complex located in the immediate vicinity of the 1863-era John Weikert Farm, the site of battle action on July 2-3, 1863. Barn is also collective part of rural landscape of Gettysburg Battlefield and provides cohesion to landscape although it post-dates battle time period. Although the barn post-dates 1863 Battle, still falls within period of significance for park. It contributes to the integrity of the agricultural battlefield landscape by maintaining the historic spatial organization and cluster arrangement of the 1863 farmstead building complex. This post-1863 building serves as a placeholder for the building that was standing at the time of the battle.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1877
AD
1890
AD


2. 
Preserved
2002
AD




 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Barn
Primary Current Use:
Secondary Structure (Garage)
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
1. 
Storage (Granary/Silo)
Historic
2. 
Livestock
Historic
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Building
Volume:
2,000 - 20,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
822
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Walls
Wood
2. 
Foundation
Stone
3. 
Framing
Wood
4. 
Roof
Metal
Short Physical Description:
1-story, 28'5"x26' w/ appendages: corn crib, 14'3x3', 8'7" high at N gable end, chicken house, 16'4"x12'6" on S end. Vertical board & batten, double-pitch span roof. Carriage & stable door on E, gable ends N & S.