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Record: 1  720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 of 1336
Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Well @ Mile 115.60
Structure Number:
115.60
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
No records.
Park:
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
Park District:
CHOH Four Locks District
Historic District:
 
Historic District
No records.
Structure State:
Maryland
Structure County:
Washington
Region:
National Capital
Administrative Unit:
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
LCS ID:
047578
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Determined Eligible - SHPO
National Register Date:
08/01/1995
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
C&O Canal is a flat water canal, chartered in 1825. Construction began in 1828. The Well @ Mile 115.60 contributes to the National Register under Criteria A & C for its architecture, engineering, commerce, transportation, conservation & military history, period of significance (1828–1924).
Long Significance Description:
This well is an example of a structure that predates the C&O Canal. It was most likely constructed by the Snyder family who owned the property from 1793 to 1835, when it was sold to the C&O Canal Company.

The C&O Canal is a flat water canal, chartered in 1825. Construction began in 1828 and by 1850 the canal was opened to its terminus at Cumberland, Maryland. The canal ceased operations in 1924 due to flood damage and the buying out of the company by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. In 1938, the B&O Railroad sold the canal property to the US government for $2 million dollars. The entire 184.5 miles of the canal was recognized as a National Historic Monument in 1961, and then in 1971 became known as the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park. Under the 1966 National Historic Preservation Act, the Canal was added to the National Register of Historic Places, having historical significance merits under architecture, engineering, commerce, transportation, military history and conservation. A confirmation National Register was approved by the Keeper for the CHOH on August 9, 1979.

The purpose of the C&O Canal was to bring freight and produce from Cumberland, Maryland, to Georgetown. The canal is an excellent example of 19th c. canal building technology. The magnitude of the engineering achievement is exemplified by the 184.5 mile length of the canal, which includes 74 lift locks rising 605 feet. 11 stone aqueducts were constructed to carry the canal prism over large Potomac River tributaries and 241 historic culverts were built to carry smaller streams and roads under the canal. 7 supporting dams were also constructed. Among the noteworthy engineered works on the canal is the Paw Paw Tunnel, which was drilled through 3, 117 feet of bedrock.

The well, which likely predates the canal, represents the properties and land uses which existed prior to the construction of the canal in this area. The structure probably was built by the Snyder family who owned the property from 1793 to 1835, when it was sold to the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company. This used to be part of two parcels of land previously called "Lubberland" and "Maidenhead."
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year CE/BCE
End Year
End Year CE/BCE
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1793
CE
1825
CE

Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Water Works
Primary Current Use:
VACANT (NOT IN USE)
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Grounds/Landscape
Volume:
1 - 2,000 cubic feet
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Superstructure
Fieldstone
2. 
Substructure
Earth
Short Physical Description:
A well with dry-laid fieldstone located on the riverside of the towpath. The well is approximately 2 feet in diameter and it is about ten feet deep.

While the location is listed at mile 115.6, the well was found closer to mile 116.