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Record: 1  1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 of 1336

Preferred Structure Name:
Boat Basin
Structure Number:
Other Structure Name(s):
Other Structure Name(s)
No records.
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
Park District:
CHOH Paw Paw District
Historic District:
Historic District
No records.
Structure State:
Structure County:
National Capital
Administrative Unit:
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Determined Eligible - SHPO
National Register Date:
National Historic Landmark?:
Significance Level:
Short Significance Description:
C&O Canal is a flat water canal, chartered in 1825; Construction began in 1828. The Boat Basin contributes to the National Register under Criteria A & C for its architecture, engineering, commerce, transportation, conservation & military history, period of significance (1828–1924).
Long Significance Description:
The C&O Canal is a flat water canal, chartered in 1825. Construction began in 1828 and by 1850 the canal was opened to its terminus at Cumberland, Maryland. The canal ceased operations in 1924 due to flood damage and the buying out of the company by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. In 1938, the B&O Railroad sold the canal property to the US government for $2 million dollars. The entire 184.5 miles of the canal was recognized as a National Historic Monument in 1961, and then in 1971 became known as the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park. Under the 1966 National Historic Preservation Act, the Canal was added to the National Register of Historic Places, having historical significance merits under architecture, engineering, commerce, transportation, military history and conservation. A confirmation National Register was approved by the Keeper for the CHOH on August 9, 1979.

The purpose of the C&O Canal was to bring freight and produce from Cumberland, Maryland, to Georgetown. The canal is an excellent example of 19th c. canal building technology. The magnitude of the engineering achievement is exemplified by the 184.5 mile length of the canal, which includes 74 lift locks rising 605 feet. 11 stone aqueducts were constructed to carry the canal prism over large Potomac River tributaries and 241 historic culverts were built to carry smaller streams and roads under the canal. 7 supporting dams were also constructed. Among the noteworthy engineered works on the canal is the Paw Paw Tunnel, which was drilled through 3, 117 feet of bedrock.
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year CE/BCE
End Year
End Year CE/BCE
Designer Occupation
No records.
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Boat Launching Area
Primary Current Use:
Body of Water (Lake, Pond)
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
Other Functions or Uses:
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
20,000 - 2,000,000 cubic feet
Structural Component(s)
Short Physical Description:
See Long Physical Description
Long Physical Description:
The Boat Basin is ¼ miles long and 150' wide. This widened area of the prism was probably created by building the towpath, deleting the berm and allowing the water to flow to the next high ground. It has become somewhat marshy and partially filled in by vegetation and soil. The basin is watered down and supports a population of fish. Few trees grow within the perimeter.