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Record: 1  110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 of 26431
Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Wasteweir #1
Structure Number:
001.52
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
No records.
Park:
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
Park District:
CHOH Palisades District
Historic District:
 
Historic District
No records.
Structure State:
District of Columbia
Structure County:
Washington
Region:
National Capital
Administrative Unit:
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
LCS ID:
012676
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
08/09/1979
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
C&O Canal is a flat water canal, chartered in 1825. Construction began in 1828. Wasteweir #1 contributes to the National Register under Criteria A & C for its architecture, engineering, commerce, transportation, conservation & military history, period of significance (1828–1924).
Long Significance Description:
The C&O Canal is a flat water canal, chartered in 1825. Construction began in 1828 and by 1850 the canal was opened to its terminus at Cumberland, Maryland. The canal ceased operations in 1924 due to flood damage and the buying out of the company by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. In 1938, the B&O Railroad sold the canal property to the US government for $2 million dollars. The entire 184.5 miles of the canal was recognized as a National Historic Monument in 1961, and then in 1971 became known as the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park. Under the 1966 National Historic Preservation Act, the Canal was added to the National Register of Historic Places, having historical significance merits under architecture, engineering, commerce, transportation, military history and conservation. A confirmation National Register was approved by the Keeper for the CHOH on August 9, 1979.

The purpose of the C&O Canal was to bring freight and produce from Cumberland, Maryland, to Georgetown. The canal is an excellent example of 19th c. canal building technology. The magnitude of the engineering achievement is exemplified by the 184.5 mile length of the canal, which includes 74 lift locks rising 605 feet. 11 stone aqueducts were constructed to carry the canal prism over large Potomac River tributaries and 241 historic culverts were built to carry smaller streams and roads under the canal. 7 supporting dams were also constructed. Among the noteworthy engineered works on the canal is the Paw Paw Tunnel, which was drilled through 3, 117 feet of bedrock.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1830
AD



Engineer
2. 
Altered
1993
AD



Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Culvert (Waste Weir)
Primary Current Use:
Culvert (Waste Weir)
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Marine/Waterway
Volume:
1 - 2,000 cubic feet
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Superstructure
Wood
2. 
Superstructure
Stone
3. 
Superstructure
Concrete
4. 
Substructure
Stone
Short Physical Description:
See Long Physical Description.
Long Physical Description:
Wasteweir #1 is a rectangle screwtype wasteweir with three 3' x 4' openings. The wingwall is approximately 30' wide. Constructed of stone, it was built circa 1830 but is now filled with earth and connected with Wasteweir #2 (LCS#12677). Both weirs empty now empty into a concrete culvert (LCS#47561) which passes under a circa 1900 railroad.