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Record: 1  190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 of 26337

Preferred Structure Name:
Motor Roads - Schoodic Loop Road
Structure Number:
Other Structure Name(s):
Other Structure Name(s)
Moore Road/Winter Road
Wonsqueak Road/Summer Road
Acadia National Park
Historic District:
Historic District
Schoodic Peninsula Historic District
Structure State:
Structure County:
New England
Administrative Unit:
Acadia National Park
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
National Historic Landmark?:
Significance Level:
Short Significance Description:
Part of Motor Road System nationally significant under Criterion A for conservation, recreation and transportation, Criterion B for association with John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and Criterion C for architecture & engineering; also significant under Criteria A, B & C as part of Schoodic Peninsula HD
Long Significance Description:
The Historic Motor Road System is significant under Criterion A for illustrating the NPS system-wide goal of providing public access to national parks while conserving natural beauty, Criterion B as an example of John D. Rockefeller, Jr.’s interest in the construction and beautification of roads in the national parks and his collaboration with the NPS, and Criterion C as including excellent examples of the NPS Rustic Design style. The period of significance for the road system begins in 1922 when Superintendent George B. Dorr submitted a plan to the NPS for the park’s first motor road, and ends in 1958 when the final segment of the system was completed.

Construction of the ACAD Motor Road System was conceived to allow the construction of roads for automobiles in the park while preserving its natural beauty. The system began in 1922 when Superintendent Dorr submitted a plan to NPS Director Stephen Mather for a motor road that ran from Eagle Lake Road and along Eagle Lake and Jordan Pond. Rockefeller contributed much of the vistion, resources, and supervision necessary to accomplish the construction of the Motor Road System, his interest stemming from preventing automobile use of the carriage roads that he was constructing on the island. In 1927 the park developed a Master Plan in which all projects that would be characterized by the emerging NPS Rustic Design style, which created a rugged and frontier-like quality appropriate to a wilderness setting while allowing features to be customized with local materials to fit the setting.

The Schoodic Peninsula Historic District encompasses 1,083 acres along the shore line and the southeast portion of the Schoodic Peninsula, a rocky wooded headland that juts into the Atlantic at Winter Harbor. In the 1890s Schoodic Peninsula was owned by Maine native and Wall Street financier, John Godfrey Moore, who conceived of the peninsula as a park and recreation area. Moore died in 1899 shortly after he completed construction of a scenic road on the peninsula. In 1929 the site was acquired by the NPS as an addition to Acadia National Park.

The NPS development of the Schoodic Peninsula began in the early 1930s with the construction by the NPS and the Bureau of Public Roads of an access road to the impending new location of a naval radio station at the southern end of the peninsula. The road (Schoodic Loop Road), which also functioned as the main park road, begins at the northwestern boundary of the park at Frazer Creek and ends at Wonsqueak Harbor. Initially constructed as a two-way road, the loop was built in two segments in 1932-1933 and 1934-1935 along the western and eastern shorelines of the peninsula: these segments are also known respectively as Moore Road or the Winter Road, and Wonsqueak Road or the Summer Road. CCC crews contributed to the construction of culverts and headwalls.

Character-defining elements of the Schoodic Loop Road include stone armor embankments; boulder guardwalls known locally as "Rockefeller's teeth"; culverts of metal or concrete pipes, some of which have stone headwalls at inlets and/or outlets; rustic stone slab steps; and granite retaining walls. There are several small paved or gravel pullouts situated along the loop road to provide a vantage point for scenic views, as well as three larger pullouts (or short road sections) along the western section of the road that extend from the road to the edge of the shoreline. There are also two parking areas accessed by entrance roads [see Schoodic Head Roadway (lcs id #750015) and Blueberry Hill Entrance Road and Parking Area (lcs id #753609)].
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year CE/BCE
End Year
End Year CE/BCE
Designer Occupation
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Primary Current Use:
Other Functions or Uses:
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Structural Component(s)
Short Physical Description:
Series of gentle, curvilinear asphalt road segments that follow natural contour of land. Small gravel and paved pullouts, boulder guardwalls, stone armor embankments, concrete or metal-pipe culverts, stone slab steps to attractions; three large pullouts/road segments.
Long Physical Description:
The Schoodic Loop Road is a one-way road comprised of a series of gentle, curvilinear asphalt road segments that follow the natural contour of the land. Curbing is virtually absent; road shoulders and ditches are typically left in a natural vegetated state. Boulder guardwalls ("Rockefeller's teeth") are roughly cut 1'-4'-high stones strategically placed to frame the ocean vistas as well as act as guardrails. Stone armor embankments are constructed of high quality stones that are carefully arranged. Drainage elements are typically culverts made of concrete or metal pipe; some of the inlets and outlets have stone headwalls. Rustic stone slab steps are used as transitions from pavement to nearby natural attractions such as the cobble beaches. Small paved or gravel pullouts consist of semicircular areas, sometimes separated from the road by a grassy median, with coping stones of varying sized placed around the perimeter.