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Record: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 of 1163
Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Abraham Brian Farm House
Structure Number:
022
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
Brian Farm House
2. 
Bryan Farm House
Park:
Gettysburg National Military Park
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Gettysburg National Battlefield
Structure State:
Pennsylvania
Structure County:
Adams
Region:
Northeast
Cluster:
Chesapeake
Administrative Unit:
Gettysburg National Military Park
LCS ID:
004456
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
01/23/2004
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
Contributing feature to Gettysburg National Military Park HD which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D. Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938.
Long Significance Description:
Abraham Brian Farm House is a contributing feature to the Gettysburg National Military Park Historic District which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D for association Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938. The original National Register Nomination was approved by the Keeper March 19, 1975. An update to this nomination was approved by the Keeper on January 23, 2004.

Adapted from NR Nomination:
Gettysburg National Military Park is the site of the American Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, the Soldiers’ National Cemetery and the commemoration of the great battle by Civil War veterans. Significant sites on the battlefield began to be preserved almost immediately after the 1863 battle, and the park came under federal ownership in 1895. Administered by the National Park Service (NPS) since 1933, the park now incorporates 5,989 acres of land across which the battle, its aftermath and commemoration occurred.

Gettysburg National Military Park has recognized dual significance under National Register Criteria A and B because for many Americans, much of the meaning of the Civil War is represented in the small town of Gettysburg and is defined by Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address delivered here on November 19, 1863. Gettysburg National Military Park has national significance under National Register Criterion C as an important example of a designed, commemorative battlefield park. There are still research questions related to the battle that can be answered through analysis of the archeological data, which has not yet been systematically gathered. Therefore, this district also meets National Register Criteria D for the information that will likely be gathered in the future related to the Battle of Gettysburg. The period of significance of this material is July 1-4, 1863.


House figured prominently in Battle due to its position within Union line on Cemetery Ridge during 2nd & 3rd days of Battle. Area was used for defensive positions & house suffered from infantry & artillery fire. Used by Gen Hays for HQ after Battle.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1800
AD
1857
AD


2. 
Restored
1953
AD




3. 
Restored
1972
AD




4. 
Restored
2002
AD




 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Single Family Dwelling
Primary Current Use:
Historic Furnished Interior
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Building
Volume:
2,000 - 20,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
750
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Roof
Shingle
2. 
Foundation
Stone
3. 
Walls
Wood
Short Physical Description:
1 & half story, 2-bay, frame, 25'x15', 21' high. Horizontal board siding, exterior fireplace stones exposed at E end. Porch & supported pent roof length of hs on S side. Gable runs E & W.
Long Physical Description:
One-and-one half story 2 bay wide by one room deep frame farm house, 25' x 15' x 21' high. Centered entrance flanked by 6/6 double hung sash. Flush laid horizontal siding, gable roof with wood shakes, Gable ends have two 2/2 double hung sash. One end gable internal stone and brick chimney stack with stones exposed on east end. Pent roof porch runs length of house on South side.