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Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
National Cemetery Rostrum
Structure Number:
133
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
Soldier's National Cemetery Rostrum
Park:
Gettysburg National Military Park
Park District:
GETC Gettysburg National Cemetery
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Gettysburg National Battlefield
Structure State:
Pennsylvania
Structure County:
Adams
Region:
Northeast
Cluster:
Chesapeake
Administrative Unit:
Gettysburg National Military Park
LCS ID:
000484
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
01/23/2004
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
Contributing structure to Gettysburg National Military Park HD which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D; Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938.
Long Significance Description:
National Cemetery Rostrum is a contributing structure to the Gettysburg National Military Park Historic District which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D. Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938. The original National Register Nomination was approved by the Keeper March 19, 1975. An update to this nomination was approved by the Keeper on January 23, 2004.

Adapted from NR Nomination: Gettysburg National Military Park is the site of the American Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, the Soldiers’ National Cemetery and the commemoration of the great battle by civil War veterans. Significant sites on the battlefield began to be preserved almost immediately after the 1863 battle, and the park came under federal ownership in 1895. Administered by the National Park Service (NPS) since 1933, the park now incorporates 5,989 acres of land across which the battle, its aftermath and commemoration occurred.

Two events occurred following the battle that promoted Gettysburg to a place of further special importance in American history meeting National Register Criterion A and also Criterion B. Because it was early recognized as a place where the destiny of the nation had been determined, President Abraham Lincoln elected to make a profound statement there about the purposes of the war and the challenges for the future. Dedication of the Soldiers’ National Cemetery at Gettysburg in November 1863 provided the means by which President Lincoln delivered this declaration in his Gettysburg Address. No other historic site shares such an intimate association with those historic words. Lincoln’s remarks at the dedication of the national cemetery were a reaffirmation of national will to pursue the unfinished task of perfecting American society and its republican form of government. William Saunders’ design 1863 for the national cemetery began the formal commemoration of these two significant national events and reflected in its landscape Lincoln’s message about equality and the promise of renewal. All major components of the design were completed by 1869. Therefore, the period of significance for the national cemetery and its design is 1863-1869.

Rostrum is part of the National Cemetery which was commerated by Lincoln's 1863 address, replacing temporary speaking platforms w/ a more public forum. Tied & designed to become integral part of Cemetery landscape.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1879
AD


War Department
Engineer
2. 
Altered
1970
AD
1975
AD
NPS
Other
3. 
Preserved
2000
AD


NPS
Other
 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Assembly Area
Primary Current Use:
Assembly Area
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Building
Volume:
2,000 - 20,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
810
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Foundation
Stone
2. 
Framing
Brick
3. 
Walls
Brick
4. 
Roof
Wood
Short Physical Description:
Elevated speaker's platform, 36'-10"x 22'. Pergola roof sits upon 12, 18"sq brick columns. 2 stairs 9'-11"x6' on E & W ends. 2-1/2" dia metal rails between columns & at steps. Brick floor w/ granite perimeter; spalling brick walls & deteriorating wood pergola.
Long Physical Description:
This 32x18 feet speaker’s platform is located in the southern end of the national cemetery. It is elevated about five feet above grade on a brick foundation. The brick floor of the platform has a granite perimeter and is approached by central flights of stone steps on the east and west elevations. Twelve 12-foot high, square brick Tuscan columns arranged in three rows of four surmounted on brick pedestals ascend from the platform. A heavy wooden beam tops each row of columns. A pergola roof crowns the wooden beams to form a trellis. Originally covered with English ivy on the brick and wisteria vines over the pergola, with a sod-covered platform (now masonry).