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Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Roller and Storage Building
Structure Number:
131
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
Roller Building
2. 
Maintenance/Utility Building
Park:
Gettysburg National Military Park
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Gettysburg National Battlefield
Structure State:
Pennsylvania
Structure County:
Adams
Region:
Northeast
Cluster:
Chesapeake
Administrative Unit:
Gettysburg National Military Park
LCS ID:
081580
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
01/23/2004
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
Contributing feature to Gettysburg National Military Park HD which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D. Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938.
Long Significance Description:
Roller and Storage Building is a contributing feature to the Gettysburg National Military Park Historic District which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D for association Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938. The original National Register Nomination was approved by the Keeper March 19, 1975. An update to this nomination was approved by the Keeper on January 23, 2004.

Gettysburg National Military Park is the site of the American Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, the Soldiers’ National Cemetery and the commemoration of the great battle by civil War veterans. Significant sites on the battlefield began to be preserved almost immediately after the 1863 battle, and the park came under federal ownership in 1895. Administered by the National Park Service (NPS) since 1933, the park now incorporates 5,989 acres of land across which the battle, its aftermath and commemoration occurred.

Civilians and military participants shared their own unique vision of preserving those battlegrounds outside of the cemetery as a means to commemorate the battle and to testify to the survival and supremacy of the Union. In 1864, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania granted a charter to the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association to undertake those purposes. In 1893, the United States Congress initiated measures that would expand the scope of preservation activities to include Confederate positions. These early efforts eventually led to the establishment of a national military park at Gettysburg in 1895. The original administrators of these national military parks regarded Gettysburg as the most significant of the battlefields commemorating the Civil War in the Eastern Theater of operations. In 1896, the United States Supreme Court agreed that Government preservation and protection of the memorial tradition promoted by the veterans, endorsed and generously funded by a grateful people, and formalized by a lasting national park, ultimately elevated Gettysburg’s battle to the position of the defining and quintessential Civil War event. (It was no coincidence that the national organizations of Civil War veterans selected the battle anniversary of Gettysburg and the Gettysburg battlefield for their landmark 50th reunion in 1913.) Veterans of the battle (including among its foremost proponents and designers Daniel E. Sickles, John P. Nicholson, and E. B. Cope) oversaw the memorial process and the development of the park until 1927 when the last of these men died. The commemorative aspect of the national park was best reflected in its designed landscape elements, including monumentation and formal drives and avenues. This designed aspect of the battlefield Park meets National Register Criterion C. Subsequent non-Civil War-veteran administrators did not share the memorial fervor embraced by those who participated in and survived the war. Therefore, the significant dates for Gettysburg fall between 1863 and 1938.


Utilitarian architecture designed to support early Park operations by GBMA & War Department administration. Housed the steam roller and equip. used to maintain park and its avenues. This structure was designed by E.B. Cope and has been modified and enlarged with additions under NPS managemnet (1934-1992).
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1903
AD


Cope, E.B.
Architect
2. 
Altered
1934
AD
1936
AD
NPS
Other
3. 
Altered
1989
AD
1991
AD
NPS
Other
4. 
Altered
1997
AD




5. 
Altered
2000
AD




6. 
Preserved
2001
AD




7. 
Rehabilitated
2002
AD




 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Equipment/Vehicle Storage
Primary Current Use:
Equipment/Vehicle Storage
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
1. 
Maintenance Facility
Historic
2. 
Maintenance Facility
Current
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Building
Volume:
2,000 - 20,000 cubic feet
Square Feet:
3577
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Walls
Brick
2. 
Other
Concrete
3. 
Roof
Other
4. 
Foundation
Stone
Short Physical Description:
1 story U-shaped flat-slope hot-tar roof. Projecting center on N elev. w/ 2 wd arched garage bay openings framing single entry, enframed w/ brick banding. Pronounced wdw bays w/ single lights in ea bay. Topped w/ corbelled cornice. Overall 73'x49'.