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Record: 1  230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 of 1163
Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Eternal Light Peace Memorial
Structure Number:
MN006
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
Peace Memorial
Park:
Gettysburg National Military Park
Historic District:
 
Historic District
1. 
Gettysburg National Battlefield
Structure State:
Pennsylvania
Structure County:
Adams
Region:
Northeast
Cluster:
Chesapeake
Administrative Unit:
Gettysburg National Military Park
LCS ID:
009952
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
01/23/2004
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
Contributing feature to Gettysburg National Military Park HD which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D. Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938.
Long Significance Description:
STRUCTURE NAME is a contributing feature to the Gettysburg National Military Park Historic District which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D. Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938. The original National Register Nomination was approved by the Keeper March 19, 1975. An update to this nomination was approved by the Keeper on January 23, 2004.

Gettysburg National Military Park has recognized dual significance under National Register Criteria A and B because for many Americans, much of the meaning of the Civil War is represented in the small town of Gettysburg and is defined by Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address delivered here on November 19, 1863. Gettysburg National Military Park has national significance under National Register Criterion C as an important example of designed, commemorative battlefield park. There are still research questions related to the battle that can be answered through analysis of the archeological data, which has not yet been systematically gathered; therefore, this district also meets National Register Criteria D.

Gettysburg National Military Park is the site of the American Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, the Soldiers’ National Cemetery and the commemoration of the great battle by civil War veterans. Significant sites on the battlefield began to be preserved almost immediately after the 1863 battle, and the park came under federal ownership in 1895. Administered by the National Park Service (NPS) since 1933, the park now incorporates 5,989 acres of land across which the battle, its aftermath and commemoration occurred.

Civilians and military participants shared their own unique vision of preserving those battlegrounds outside of the cemetery as a means to commemorate the battle and to testify to the survival and supremacy of the Union. In 1864, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania granted a charter to the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association to undertake those purposes. In 1893, the United States Congress initiated measures that would expand the scope of preservation activities to include Confederate positions. These early efforts eventually led to the establishment of a national military park at Gettysburg in 1895. The original administrators of these national military parks regarded Gettysburg as the most significant of the battlefields commemorating the Civil War in the Eastern Theater of operations. In 1896, the United States Supreme Court agreed that Government preservation and protection of the memorial tradition promoted by the veterans, endorsed and generously funded by a grateful people, and formalized by a lasting national park, ultimately elevated Gettysburg’s battle to the position of the defining and quintessential Civil War event. Veterans of the battle oversaw the memorial process and the development of the park until 1927 when the last of these men died. The commemorative aspect of the national park was best reflected in its designed landscape elements, including monumentation and formal drives and avenues. This designed aspect of the battlefield Park meets National Register Criterion C. Subsequent non-Civil War-veteran administrators did not share the memorial fervor embraced by those who participated in and survived the war. Therefore, the significant dates for Gettysburg fall between 1863 and 1938.

Honors both North & South. Represents "Peace Eternal in a Nation United." Dedicated 75th Anniversary Reunion of blue & gray w/ address by Pres. Roosevelt. Reliefs by Lee Lawrie. Located N side of Mummasburg Rd.

This granite and Alabama limestone monument had its genesis during the 50th Anniversary Reunion at Gettysburg (1913) when Civil War veterans pledged to erect a monument to peace and reunification on the battlefield by the time of the 75th Anniversary in 1938.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1938
AD


Cret, Paul Phillipe
Architect
2. 
Preserved
1999
AD
1999
AD
NPS - Power Washed and Repointed

3. 
Preserved
2000
AD
2000
AD
NPS - Repointed

4. 
Preserved
2002
AD
2002
AD
NPS - Repointed

5. 
Preserved
2003
AD
2003
AD
NPS - Waxed

 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Monument (Marker, Plaque)
Primary Current Use:
Monument (Marker, Plaque)
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Outdoor Sculpture
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Superstructure
Limestone
3. 
Superstructure
Bronze
4. 
Substructure
Granite
Short Physical Description:
Mn 42'x85'overall. 40' tall shaft rising from center of an elevated platform 11'. Bronze dish-shaped urn caps shaft to accomodate "eternal flame". Exedra at rear of platform. 8' bas-relief on S of shaft. Inscritpions on S, E & W.
Long Physical Description:
The dark colored stone base is constructed of Maine granite and the lighter colored shaft of Alabama Rockwood Limestone.