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Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Edward Menchey Field Field Stone Wall
Structure Number:
WA51
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
Menchey Field Stone Wall
Park:
Gettysburg National Military Park
Historic District:
 
Historic District
No records.
Structure State:
Pennsylvania
Structure County:
Adams
Region:
Northeast
Cluster:
Chesapeake
Administrative Unit:
Gettysburg National Military Park
LCS ID:
081051
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
01/23/2004
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
Contributing
Short Significance Description:
The Edward Menchey Field field stone wall was extant and was within the East Cemetery Hill area of fighting.
Long Significance Description:
Part of grouping of stone walls and fences that existed as part of the farm complexes at the time of the battle that still remain today. Stone walls and fences were originally constructed as a method of demarcating boundaries and fields while clearing arable land and pasture of fieldstones. They may not have been used as defense systems but existed as topographic structures or as obstacles to advance to advance by the armies.

Gettysburg National Military Park has recognized dual significance under National Register Criteria A and B because for many Americans, much of the meaning of the Civil War is represented in the small town of Gettysburg and is defined by Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address delivered here on November 19, 1863. Gettysburg National Military Park has national significance under National Register Criterion C as an important example of designed, commemorative battlefield park. There are still research questions related to the battle that can be answered through analysis of the archeological data, which has not yet been systematically gathered; therefore, this district also meets National Register Criteria D.

Gettysburg National Military Park is the site of the American Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, the Soldiers’ National Cemetery and the commemoration of the great battle by Civil War veterans. The Civil War had a dramatic impact on the political and social evolution of the United States. The Battle of Gettysburg has national significance for its impact upon the Confederate war strategy and for its role in the ultimate preservation of the Union. Although the Battle of Gettysburg did not conclude the Civil War, the three-day struggle on the ridges and valleys in and around the small agricultural village brought it to world attention and lasting notoriety. It ended slavery and defined the meaning of freedom, citizenship and equality for all Americans.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year CE/BCE
End Year
End Year CE/BCE
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1800
CE
1863
CE


2. 
Restored
1895
CE
1906
CE
War Department
Other
3. 
Restored
1933
CE
1934
CE
CCC

 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Enclosure/Exclosure
Primary Current Use:
Enclosure/Exclosure
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
No records.
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Grounds/Landscape
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Superstructure
Fieldstone
Short Physical Description:
Field stone wall consists of dry-laid granite wall measuring 3'6"-4'0"W x 1'6"-2'0"H of varying size stone. Total combined length is 3,555 LF (includes 370 LF of Ames' Division Wall).