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Record: 1  1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 of 1163
Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
The Angle Stone Wall
Structure Number:
WA03
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
Biggs/Leister/Small Boundary Stone Wall
Park:
Gettysburg National Military Park
Historic District:
 
Historic District
No records.
Structure State:
Pennsylvania
Structure County:
Adams
Region:
Northeast
Cluster:
Chesapeake
Administrative Unit:
Gettysburg National Military Park
LCS ID:
006998
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
01/23/2004
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
National
Short Significance Description:
The Angle Stone Wall was boundary wall used to separate adjoining parcels for pre-battle farms, but later was used as defensive works and shelter during Confederate cannonade and Longstreet's Assualt.
Long Significance Description:
Part of a grouping of stone walls that were used by the armies for defensive purposes during the battle. Those with pre-1863 dates were farm field boundary walls that were incorporated into battle positions and those with 1863 dates were built for defensive purposes by the armies during their occupation of the battlefield from random field stone.

Gettysburg National Military Park has recognized dual significance under National Register Criteria A and B because for many Americans, much of the meaning of the Civil War is represented in the small town of Gettysburg and is defined by Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address delivered here on November 19, 1863. Gettysburg National Military Park has national significance under National Register Criterion C as an important example of designed, commemorative battlefield park. There are still research questions related to the battle that can be answered through analysis of the archeological data, which has not yet been systematically gathered; therefore, this district also meets National Register Criteria D.

Gettysburg National Military Park is the site of the American Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, the Soldiers’ National Cemetery and the commemoration of the great battle by Civil War veterans. The Civil War had a dramatic impact on the political and social evolution of the United States. The Battle of Gettysburg has national significance for its impact upon the Confederate war strategy and for its role in the ultimate preservation of the Union. Although the Battle of Gettysburg did not conclude the Civil War, the three-day struggle on the ridges and valleys in and around the small agricultural village brought it to world attention and lasting notoriety. It ended slavery and defined the meaning of freedom, citizenship and equality for all Americans.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1800
AD
1863
AD


2. 
Restored
1902
AD




 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Defense
Primary Current Use:
Battle Site
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
1. 
Enclosure/Exclosure
Historic
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Grounds/Landscape
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Superstructure
Granite
Short Physical Description:
Stone wall consists of dry-laid field granite stones and measures 4'0"H x 3'9"H x 1030'. Originally separated the Leister and Small Farm properties from Biggs Farm property.
Long Physical Description:
The Angle stone wall is comprised of three perpendicular segments that form a Z. There are two segments running N-S, and one running E-W. It is located off of Hancock Avenue, north of the Pennsylvania Monument. One of the N-S segments lies next to Hancock Ave .