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Record: 1  1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 of 1162
Identification:

Preferred Structure Name:
Brooke and Zook's Stone Wall
Structure Number:
WA04
Other Structure Name(s):
 
Other Structure Name(s)
1. 
G. Wiekert Field Stone Wall
2. 
Brooke & Zook's Stonewall
Park:
Gettysburg National Military Park
Historic District:
 
Historic District
No records.
Structure State:
Pennsylvania
Structure County:
Adams
Region:
Northeast
Cluster:
Chesapeake
Administrative Unit:
Gettysburg National Military Park
LCS ID:
006993
 
Historical Significance:

National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
National Register Date:
01/23/2004
National Historic Landmark?:
No
Significance Level:
National
Short Significance Description:
Part of the George Wiekert Farm, wall separated farm fields before the Battle of Gettysburg. During the Battle, Brooke's and Zook's Union Brigades used wall as defensive position July 3, 1863.
Long Significance Description:
Part of a grouping of stone walls that were used by the armies for defensive purposes during the battle. Those with pre-1863 dates were farm field boundary walls that were incorporated into battle positions and those with 1863 dates were built for defensive purposes by the armies during their occupation of the battlefield from random field stone.

Gettysburg National Military Park has recognized dual significance under National Register Criteria A and B because for many Americans, much of the meaning of the Civil War is represented in the small town of Gettysburg and is defined by Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address delivered here on November 19, 1863. Gettysburg National Military Park has national significance under National Register Criterion C as an important example of designed, commemorative battlefield park. There are still research questions related to the battle that can be answered through analysis of the archeological data, which has not yet been systematically gathered; therefore, this district also meets National Register Criteria D.

Gettysburg National Military Park is the site of the American Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, the Soldiers’ National Cemetery and the commemoration of the great battle by Civil War veterans. The Civil War had a dramatic impact on the political and social evolution of the United States. The Battle of Gettysburg has national significance for its impact upon the Confederate war strategy and for its role in the ultimate preservation of the Union. Although the Battle of Gettysburg did not conclude the Civil War, the three-day struggle on the ridges and valleys in and around the small agricultural village brought it to world attention and lasting notoriety. It ended slavery and defined the meaning of freedom, citizenship and equality for all Americans.
 
Construction Period:

Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year CE/BCE
End Year
End Year CE/BCE
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1800
CE
1863
CE


2. 
Restored
1901
CE
1902
CE


 
Function and Use:

Primary Historic Function:
Enclosure/Exclosure
Primary Current Use:
Battle Site
Structure Contains Museum Collections?:
No
Other Functions or Uses:
 
Other Function(s) or Use(s)
Historic or Current
1. 
Enclosure/Exclosure
Historic
 
Physical Description:

Structure Type:
Grounds/Landscape
Material(s):
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)
1. 
Superstructure
Granite
Short Physical Description:
Wall consists if dry-laid granite and measures 3'0"H x 4'0"W x 600' long. Mostl likely built by George Wiekert. Wall stretches in north-south direction and is located east side of Hancock Avenue.
Long Physical Description:
Parallel to Hancock Ave/Sedgwick.
Structure located on K.G.H. Sheet Map # 19.